New Colorado law allows courts to suppress records of pending eviction cases

Previous eviction filings, regardless of outcome, automatically created court records

By: - December 10, 2020 5:43 pm

The setting sun casts shadows on an apartment building in Denver’s Capitol Hill neighborhood on Sept. 30, 2020. (Moe Clark/Colorado Newsline)

A new Colorado state law requires courts to suppress records of eviction cases while they are moving through the court process and keep them hidden if the tenant wins.

Prior to the law going into effect, eviction filings, regardless of the outcome of the case, automatically created court records, which then could be acquired by third-party screening companies to produce tenant reports for landlords. Now, the only court records that landlords will have access to are the cases that actually result in an eviction. 

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“The purpose of the law is to ensure that an eviction filing and record by itself is not an impediment to housing,” said Jack Regenbogen, senior attorney for the legal advocacy group Colorado Center on Law and Policy. “A filing for an eviction by itself is not an accurate indication as to what kind of tenant a person is.” 

Between 2000 and 2016, 36,240 evictions were filed in Colorado, but only 18,195 resulted in an eviction, according to the Eviction Lab at Princeton University. In other words, only half of the cases filed actually resulted in the tenant needing to vacate their home.

The purpose of the law is to ensure that an eviction filing and record by itself is not an impediment to housing.” –Jack Regenbogen, of the Colorado Center on Law and Policy

Under the new law, which went into effect on Dec. 1, suppressed eviction records can still be accessed by judges, court and judicial department staff, plaintiffs and defendants of a case, and anyone with a “valid court order authorizing access to the court record.” While a case is suppressed, the names of the parties involved cannot be published online. If an eviction is granted, the records may remain suppressed if both parties agree to do so. 

Under the new law, researchers, journalists and other members of the public are still able to request aggregate data from the Colorado Judicial Branch to determine the number of eviction cases filed throughout the state. But even with the number of evictions filed, it’s difficult to determine the actual number of evictions that occur, because the state doesn’t indicate why a case is closed.

For example, approximately 2,160 evictions were filed throughout the state — excluding Denver — between Sept. 4 and Oct. 19, according to data from the Colorado Judicial Branch. Of those filed, 1,493 cases were considered closed. 

“It could be either that the case was settled or the proceedings were over and the eviction had happened, or at some point throughout the process, the case was dropped, or not pursued in some way shape or form,” said Rob McCallum, a spokesman for the Colorado Judicial Branch. “So those are really the two avenues.”

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Moe Clark
Moe Clark

Reporter Moe Clark covers criminal justice, housing and homelessness, and other social issues for Colorado Newsline.

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